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ٺӵϣ̫ͨƵĹˡ߿ӵҶɰͰ͵IJŴŷ衣ӵũҵͻ𽥼˴̣Ů˺ǶԼſڵϲЩˮСӺͰʣ֪Ѿʱˡ

ڰϣҡŴŽ̸ӷҲƵܣ߶¶ʯӡŮ˶˳ںڵɲ˺ɻƵ׷ð̡ʻ˵ľƴĺˣʫˣ˵"˼ǣֺǣ"

ĺĻЩʵΪûŽ̫Ļʱ򣬾Ž̫ڴŭưŽŵʽ˵

"һʮˣˣԸۼЩܼ࣬ĺá̾ҪԷˣԳӣһӣ"

ŮһѶӶΣֱӱߣ˫ѾǵСͷ˵"ϲģ"

Ž̫Ȼ٣ȴҲûӵĻԾԼ˵"һһ"

ׯϰеرŮºӣϲóӳأýСŽ̫ԴףʮԺ󣬱㽥ı˲ƽң˵ʱûȣҲûӲ֮ڵʱDzˡο棬߽һһ˲Ƶʵþ˵"һһ"

Ķϱ߽ɩŷߵߣ㽫һˤ߷ߵ˵"˼ô˵ˡʱ򣬲ôҵij˽ӣسƣʮӣ׼ʮǵ߽̫͹ҲǾŽ˽ʮ㣬õijҲʮ"

"һһ"

߽ɩûд𻰣Ȼ߽Сת˷򣬶µ"ʬôʱŻȥˣ˼ҵ㿪"

߽Ȼסũ壬ȴЩɻڴ˼游ͷˣҲİ˳źÿһأ糿³ǣֻص³˺֪Щʱ£ʲôط׹򼾫ʲôطŮһҹ֮ࡣڴ棬ȷѾһˡԷƣȴũϰߣԻؼ̫٣Ǹġ

߽һͭ߶೤̹ܣͷڰϡҲߣ߽ûӦ

"һһ"Ž̫˵

̧߽ͷ̾һ˵"ʵͥˡ"

߽ɩһ̣Ȼĵ"ɺˣⲻҪʶô"

߽̾һ˵"ûбӡ"

"ʵҪô"

"ʵҪӡ"

"ô֪أ"߽ɩЩżæʡ

"̺Ƶˣ˵Ҫġ"

߽ɩʱֱϾƺЩˣΪ̺ƵϢͨڡһתƳ߽Ĺͷ̲סŭԹȻ־װһ뷹߽ǰ"ǸϿķգɥͻ᳤ô"

̫վĩĹˣˮ氵ػظһƬ죬˵ļֶ³߽ɩ뷹żȻ̧ͷĿסͻͻط͸ҶְֵүӶľҴűɫ񲼵ij

үڴïԴƵˣʮ﷽ԲڵΨһijɫѧʼңΪѧʣЩϵijζʮ౾ʥ̾ġ־ǣʱһһֵĶ˵廢ڻ֪ұֺ𡣸Ժ㽫ڶϣʿһ㣻̾Ϣ˵±㲻ҵزˡ߽ɩ۾ãүѾǵʿȴɹ⻬ͷƤںڷ֪һǻʵͥһбӣ߽һǷdzΣաΪү񲼳DzģֻΣһǺŻӰIJ˵ʱһƵ³ү˵ʱǵˣһ죬ijˡ

߽ɩǵãǰ߽˾ƣү"̥"ʱֱ߽ΣգĿͻͻط

үһ·ųԷ˶վÿӵԼķ˵"ү÷"үҲһ·ͷ˵""ȴһߵ߽ҵԡ߽æкүҲ΢Ц˵""һϸϸоǵķˡ

"IJ˸ɣ˷ô"үվ߽ĺ߽ɩĶ˵

"ʵͥˡ"߽˵

߽ɩүЦ"ʵѾͥʱʶأ"

"ʶ⣿Ҫա"ү˵ɫȻ"߽ıأӣ⵹Ҫ¡֪ëʱͷͷ"

߽Ůûж飬ܶŵİѧʵүô˵Ȼdzش޿أ·Ƶģ˵һҲ˵һ仰

"һһ"Ž̫ڲƽᣬү˵"ڵijëֻǼ˼ҵıӣɮɮġǰijëôһʮˣˡǰijëǡƥĺӹͷȥȥһֱϵŸүǻƶӣȥƶӣӣƶӣһˣʮˡ"

߽ɩվ˵"ôأһСˣ"

үҡͷ"Ҳûûбӣõ϶һһװдŵġЩʲôˡ"

߽ɩдţȫˣԼûȻֺ޵߽ÿָıǼ˵"ʬܣ췴ʱұ˵ҪŴˣҪϳˡƫҪȥȥDZ㱻˼ȥ˱ӡǰǾںڵıӣŪɮɮġͽܣô˵أʬͽ"

˿ү壬Ͻ극߽ҷΧ߽Լ֪dzŮ˵ܲŹֻ̧ۣͷ˵

"˵ֳɻʱ㡭"

"ʬͽ"

м䣬һɩijõˣŸӣ߽ɩ߿֣ʱⲻȥæȰ˵"߽ɩ˰ա˲ɣ˭֪δأ߽ɩʱҲ˵ûбӵҲûʲôôĴүҲûиʾ"

߽ɩû꣬ͨˣ㽫תָŰһɩıӣ˵"ѽʲôǣһɩԼһˣ˵赮Ϳôʱǣ죬˭СҲޣ"ճһ뷹˿룬ȥҪ߽ɩûÿ˫Ѿм䣬ֱȥȵ"˭Ҫ죡͵СѸ"

˵һĿڵˣǡһשǣƳһܴȱڡֱ߽룬ϼһأҲȵ"ģ"һƴſޣŽ̫֣˵"һһ"һͬˡ

һɩҲŭ˵"߽ɩްˡ"

үЦԹ۵ģԴӰһɩ˵"Ĵүûиʾ"⻰ԺȴЩˡʱѾƳԣ˵"ްˣʲôءǾҪġ֪رݵŴ˧ȣŴ˧µĺһ֧ɰì򲻵֮£˭ֵܵ"ͬʱȭ·εìģһɩ"ֵܵô"

һɩñźӷȻүͺۣ׼ʮֺ£˵껰ˡүҲȥһְһɩ£һÿ·ıϿ˴Ժ棬үҲϸIJãͨ˴ԣȻת˵"ֵܵô"϶ľţﳤȥˡ

Ǵվţ㣬Լȷֲס£Ҳ߽Ҫû߽Ȼ˻ʷ̸۳еŵʱ򣬾Ͳúų̹Գǰ㽾ģԶ߽ķҲЩ졣Ҳ·뷢Щۣȴ־ûʲôۿɷ˵һ£ӶײಲӣȥУҲɢؼңȥ˯߽ɩţҲ˼һӰʻؼң˯ˡ

߽ォûؼẓ̇dzdzȴ̣߶೤̹ܵİͭĻ⣬ˡﵫƺʮΣҲЩЩƻǷdzģᴩã"رӣɰìһһʵͥƵϳȥá˭ֵܵһһдšģ"

ڶ峿߽ɴ³źǣص³߶೤̹ܺһش塣ϯϣԾŽ̫˵ڳڶϵģΪȱڴҪʮͭһһʮСǮ

Ž̫ܲ˵˵"һһǻˡǮһǰĶôǰĶǡһʮˣ"

˺߽ȻսǣҾЩ˴ֻرţӳڵš߽ɩҲûкʱ"ͽ"

ʮգ߽ӳڻؼңŮ˷dzˣ˵"ڳЩʲô"

"ûЩʲô"

"ʵͥûأ"

"û˵"

"̺ƵҲû˵ô"

"Ҳû˵"

"ʵһDzͥˡҽ߹үĵǰˣڶˣҲûд"

""

"룬ͥ˰գ"

"룬˰ա"

ڵ߽߽ɩʹֶ൱𾴣൱Ĵˡ죬ԾԼſڵϳԷҼˣЦкŽ̫ʮ٣Ȼƽҽ˫ѾǣѾһ֧ˣȻ½ţȴ߽ܰͬɩ£ʮ˸ͭɵķ룬һȳһյ

һŶʮ¡

ע

űƪһŶ¡꡷ڰ˾һš

ĶϱĿ"ϱ"Ӧ"ϱ"

ǽʥ̾ġ־ָС˵塷ʥ̾1609-1661ĩˣעˮ䰡ǡ飬ӵġȳΪ"ʥ̾"塷Ԫĩ޹ëڸڸı࣬мΪʥ̾׻ǰ"ʥ̾"ͨͶΪʥ̾

Ŵ˧ָѫ1854-1923ˣ֮һԭΪ峯٣ٱűӣʾΪӾһһһڱϵǸ٣ʮռʧܡ

ʮ˸ͭӦ"ʮ"һŶʮһ¶ʮҰ˵"ֻһ룬ʮʮˣҲDzˡ֮֮һǴģijһɡ"

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