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1

ÿ궼ڰijŰʱδ˵ĺ浹·ƽˡֻ˭Ҳ˵׼ʲôʱƽĴ󺣻ͻȻ緭һǵ

ݶѰѶŵˮϡͷDz͢Ӫȥ

һߣһһʱ˼⡣Ҳжǰɷ֮һ뵽˷ã¹סDzʲôΣյģΪ߳ϻϻ¹µļ̻

ŵ˾ȫίԱҲDzݶľֳ쵼ߡסڲ͢ӪÿʱDzҵġ˵ӼʱӲһԱ

ݶѼƻһ飬ûʲô©ȻеΣգðôأ

ʱ˲͢ӪƯİʯǽǽߵſڣʽȹ֤ǶģѾϳŴˡ

ŵѰ·ݲij͡־ǻԣȻûƭűȼٵѧƵС·ݶûнߴƹȥִһƬIJƺȫίԱ˽¥ǰ档

ͻȻ飬ijⲢΪ̶ѨҲΪҪȥ£ݶֻһ𴳽ԼԺǧͷ뵽ӺԼľٶǣٷĶˣͲɵ³ܸʱ֣һͻỵ¡ҪɡվɢIJ¥

ſûƿɫľţĿиϵĹܼŲҪߣͷ˵ˣҪ

ݶͷ˵Ҫ

ܼҾ˵鷿ͨѽ

һܱʣݶ룬ҿܼѾϺͿˣûпЦЦʣȥͲô

ԣһɡܼת¥ݶ룬µʡ¡ܼһ¥ݡ

鷿˰ȫίԱ⣬ˣǶָ׳վšݶ룬DZڣȻŬˣǺѸıġ

šίԱ˵οȥ˺þð

٣áڶ˵

ݶ˵Ǻá

ôˣίԱüëʣºбļǰϲѽ

鲻áݶ򵥵˵ڶܱʣ룬Ųǰ¶ҡݣÿſڡ

й°ˣšȫίԱ˵Ҳ֪Dzỳġ

ݶλӣ˳ӵתתȥѲ顣ûκ

ίԱϡίԱüͷ㲡ôˮôŨ

ǣܻݶ˵

ȥίԱĵʣô

ʲô飿

ǸŮӵ£ţĶ׷ٵǸɵôˣ

żɽɣݶ룬˷ʱˡίԱ۾¶̰Ĺ⣬ڻ棬ίԱһָ׵С߶Լָף˵ܲð졣

ôҸ𣿰ŮӴ˶ѡŮ

ݶ˵Ըһֽ˸

ʲô

˵ҪֻˤĴֻҪܿ

ɲ֪ѽģίԱͰʣְָ׵ӲݶߣŽ롣

ݶ˵ҿɲԸƭˡʲôأ̹ʹ졣

ѴˡίԱ˵ʲô뷨

Ϊ˲£ûжЩ¶ġݶ˵ȴһ֪Ůʲôرϣõʲô

Dz̹ôίԱЦ˵ûи㣿

ԣˡǴռ䴬ģԸ£ֻȥĿ

ίԱڣûˣøİɡŮͷһ⣬Ҫһжܴҵ

DZʲô

֪ʶίԱ˵һ˼ǧŻ֪ʶðʵһǿɱ

Ѿǿˣҹ綼벻ǡŮ˵Щ֪ʶDzǺ¡

ڰ㵱С壡ίԱ˵֪ҹڲϳɳǿǵвDzɺӵġ綼˺ҹ˵вѾΪǵĵһι޴ˡ

ݶ˵ҼǵǾͬűѽ

ǵģôίԱ˵ͬģֻΪôҶһЩǶҹʱԸ

ΪȫίԱԼĿǰյȨ⣬ϣսв¸ıȨɣΪһ¶õ磬

Dz۵£šίԱ˵

ݶ۾ֻ˵ö

ԣίԱ˵֪ʲôô

ݶ˵εҹ磬ȥ˰ﲮĹЩ⡣ǵ뷨ֱһģһ𣿸һǺΣյġ

֮ȥϵﲮΪ̬ȣûκηԽҹ缸޸дͬûɥʧ꣬ҶϵĮģҲ͵ġôˣֱȫһˡ

˵ոտ佱ҵЩҺܲΪԾǼŵӦù鹦һ˵ġڣԻһֻߵˡ

ˣԹˡίԱ˻⣬Ǹ߸˵عɡ˵ԺҪĵطܶأ㵽ҹʱҲҪ㡣ôŮӾĶ

ݶ˵һλסҵϢ

㻹ô˳ԾҪĿ࿴ˡίԱĿʲôϢ

ҰĴøݶ˵

ίԱҡҡͷɡղصĶǴӲø˵ġλѵסҵγУȥĵطޣжѡ綼ˡ

ҹأҰҹ磬˭ȥң

ίԱ˵һҵңҲҵġ֪Ƕôʻ

ô˵ҿɲẦ¡ݶʹгġ

ίԱЦЦ㻹ͼװȥݶ֪֡

˵ʲôݶͻȻ˺ϣֻһ̽

˵˲𣬰Ҳɵˡװװò

ûҪðˡݶеһɣʣʲôʱ֪ģ

սʱίԱ˵ºбҵ±ڣǰûмǡ

ħݶ˵νʵҲû㵱¡ֻǸϱ

ίԱЦˣ˴˱˴˰Ĺϵ

ԣҸܿˡ㡣

ԼҰɡڵŮ䡣ʹʹظҵȻãҲûϵţô룿ίԱƽ͵˵

㼸°ɡݶ˵ļƻеˣ

൱˳ίԱͷĿǰųӺҹ˵жϵܹвѾͨתҹ磬ս˵һˡ㿴ƾһ˵ǵסҵġ

ôŮͬأ㻹Ҫҹս

ҪսίԱ˵һӵļս˱ʤգβΪһʵսأ

ΪʲôҪսѾõҪȨѽ

ô˻һ˾ͳˡίԱ˵Dzһΰļƻ

Ϊ൱񣬲ݶ˵ҳɹİպ΢С

һ㿴ҵijɹģҪ۾㿴ĶһҪͷ㷢пĻ

΢ЦίԱ˵ͷߵݶίԱ˵߰ɣһ£һȥ㡣ʱҲıˡ

ݶվſȥһǰһסίԱʼ顣

ѾſڣĻˡ

ݶڶĹз֣ÿ˶иʱ̡ŵijϣҲʱڽ᱾ܵиֻһת˲ţܰ塣

ڣʱ̡ίԱ飬ΪߵſڶеˣǶȲݶ׳ö࣬ѹϣ˿ġǰıȥš

ݶץסʮ֮һĿյͻȻ֣øոﱵֱּĴָָںDZڵüëϷһ

Ǹû뵽Уסͷ˿ڣѪӿ˳۾סˡǰıջؿŵ֣Ҫ·졣ݶͻһȭִʱίԱ̧۾ȵؿߡûȫŪ巢ʲô¡

ͷ˵ıȻ˿ڣͼȥѪǰǸЩ£زڵذϣһֻȥǹѾ֪˲ݶϣⲫˡίԱӺߣ˳롣

ݶ͵һϥͷڵĸڵϣȻץסĨıڣײӡ

ݶŵߣίԱѾݶϳ룬ίԱһݶְѳίԱ˵־ǹ

ſڵذŵıڹڰγǹһŻͷһ־ǹ׼ίԱǿؽе£ǹ

ݶǹڶίԱԴϣ˵ֻҪ˸ҶҾȴ㡣

û˭ҶġίԱ˵ѻָǣdzȥģҵҲС͢Ӫô׳ȥ

Ҳûȥݶ˵

ίԱоȣҪʲôҪô

ͨݶ˵ӽ߳͢ϻᡣ

ίԱʾⱣհ죬˵ܺãҪ߳ϻᡣDzֵġ

ͨ򿪣ܿͨˡڰѻͲݵݶ

ϯϡݶ˵Լõģڿռ䴬¡

һϯϵDzݶ

ϣίԱеֹӣҪɱ

ݶƽ˵ûɱκˣҲôɡϣҪ̻߳͢Ӫ

ҪģίԱˣץסҵʡ

ˣϯ˵

ǵġ

ίԱסˣݶͻȻŻͲеϣ˺˵֪Ϊʲôͼҡ

ǵĹɡϯ˵

ãίԱסݶΪǹڶͷϣƺܲ˵˻ǹҵͷȻҪĻ

ǹסΪ˱֤Լİȫ

ϣɣһЩҾûˡίԱ

2

̿˿ҵǴΡ롣ԲδϰصijϺμң̾Ӫʿǹʵ˷ίԱгԱϯϡֳ֡ϡ޳롣ǶվŰȫίԱעĿˣһǷãһɫɴ۶һĸӡ˽ǰô󷨹٣ʷϵһλڹϲе÷١

пʼϯ˵Ҫ弸ʵһڴӺҹﴫνߵ⣻ڶڰȫίԱƻ⣻ڴһһλռߵ⣻ģҹ˵Ĺϵ⡣Щⶼǣ浽ȫίԱǽмλ֤ͥһλ֤ˣռ߷Ůʿ

ǵĿ۽߽롣

Ϊһ磬ϯ˵ǵĵ¹ҲDzͬʣ㷢ʵػش⣬ǷðǷΥǵԭ

ûشжڸĿȷʵܲһʵֱΪһȴǹͬӵеġԸⷢʵ۵̬Ȼش⣬геӦΡ

Ļһʾ̾˽ϯʣ˵dzռ䴬ģôͿռ䡢硢ͷй⼸ϸ˵һĻ

׼΢˼·Ϳʼ٩٩̸ʵdzԣעֻȻԭرܼϸڡ

еˣǶԷñ˺жŵģѾøһ˼׼õĻʱ־Լ׼֡߳ϻļȫԱȫעСѧһǫĻDzҪΪڹŪ顢ȡˡ

ϯؿΧЩˣҪľЧǵģڹһ籩籩ǿԿƵġ

ý˴桢ص״̫ĹϵռкͷɴĶϯ˵ŮʿΪԼǵǸijʹ𣿻˵ΪԼĽôҶסá

˵ҲôΪ˵ĵ

ü˵ΪѷҪȫʵ̬Ȼش⣬ұ˵ԼġȣΪһռߣұϸĽԼţֻеͬȫвʱܿǶ⼸ԴһԹ׼Ѷζǵеļλ˵Ƕһİֻ׼Թۣ롣ԣǾҶĽһ㹱ףôʵΥԼĽɡܣ˵Σұ˵ǵDZȵģ¼˵ˣ˵ˡеϣһҵĿռ䴬뿪ǵ򡣶﷢κ£ҼȲȤҲӦκΡ

ǽͷӶԾ졢ŵĿ⻥šм΢΢ͷ⣬ʾͬĻ

ȻЩǴ߼ϷЦ˵ΪǵеļλѰﵱԼĵڶҡҵѺˣһﲻĮءңҵѾУֻ˳ˮֲۣɵĻˡǶһЦѾ֪ŮǸԼķպϣĻˣͬʱҲǵѡ

˵󣬴ӦðڷһȫңһżȻֵˡһϯϸ̸ʱѾ٣ֻʷʢˡڽǵ罫ıʱҲûнˣȻҪתҪϢDZԼȹһδβɣޱ䡣һб仯ؽҲDZܰȻȹеıǨʹǵȥǿʢʱҲʹ߻ٴεǽʽĹϵ

һϯӮһߵһҲԵûԾһλǰŵĵط̲סʣǻ𣿾ڽ

޷ȷûش𣬵ʹҲһεķʽʹ֪

ϣһ˵

ЦЦȻ˵ϵ£ϵ±䣬и߲

ϯϿˣղŷŮʿѽĿռ䴬ĶװõԭԼܴĸáᵽǰЩʱָõµģ䲡ô׷һ£ַ䲡δҹ紫ġ뷽ŮʿصԼϯλɡվİȫίԱ˵֤˵ίԱҹһλ߲ѻз䲡ĺҹͽġ

Ƕҵķ̰ίԱ˵һ㣬û֤ݣϻҲװ

֤ˣȫ̽ݶϯ˵

ݶһʿɨڣҵ˷ãĿ˸к

ݶ㷢ȫʵ̬Ȼش⣬α֤

ҷġ

ƭӣίԱǸͽҵļͼɱҡһȻ

ݶͰȫίԱ˵

ݶ˵ҵίԱΪ֤ʵҵƶϣΪԼһҹ˵սĻҲɲСĺ䶯

˵ίԱתȥ

ݶ˵

ίԱ鷿ƽ͵¡ȫԼһУ϶ҵƶϡ

֤Ҫ֤ݣίԱ˵˶Ҫó֤

һ֤ݸġݶ˵ҪϸΪȫίԱΪǵӦòȡ¶壬ڽ̣óϻύȨ

ԽԽ󣬲ݶаȫίԱۣӦư磬ͬҹ硣

ȫίԱ˵ǣӼſڿӵĻҪɳϻίԱϯеˣίԱҲ˿ó֤ݣ

ݶƽϢͺǵĿ飬˵ȥȫίԱ¶ұ˳ϣΪ˴ﵽĿģȡһЩΪ˵ֶΡ糤ҹһλ߲˽ϵͬ߻Ⱦߵĺҹ˽磬ϵĽŻðȫֵ緶ΧѲռ߷С㣬ͼʹ¶Ƚ֪ʶͼԭǿ˵

֤ݣ֤ݣϯϵίԱǺϯһЩ˺

ϯ˵ݶȫίԱ˵Щ

УίԱԼ˽˱ڡΪDzίԱ֤ʡ

DzУ֤ˣ֤ˣ

ȫίԱ˵Ҳһ䣺ҵǷdzҳϺֱˣǶڽ̵Ͷ԰ҳϿ϶ԶԶҵ˽˸顣źĿǰ֤ͥΪλݶڶұʩӱͬʱ˺ҵλڣʹֱڻڲ

еˡòɵĿŲݶݶ˵ұڵν˺ȫdzҷĿĵıΪʱίԱǰҴȥʩ̣Ҳò

ſڴƻƣȫίԱ˵֤

ݶ̨ϵij˵һֶһֻ԰˵ԭ¼ʱij֣ô֤ܲܵʹã

һӾϯʣ˵ʲôѵֻô

ǴӷŮʿõġݶ˵±

ܣȫίԱ

ϯ˵ܷ˵ֻչʾһ£

Ȼԡݶժ¼±IJλáһʿӹȥ͵ϯǰ

һСͷĻɫťݶԺذŪż±ij˵

ϯϰǸСť

IJԱߣΪǴ˴ϷԵһ̣йеת۵㡣

˵ˣȻ˶ϯϵĻݶ㷢ȫʵ̬Ȼش⣬α֤ȻDzݶҷġ

ݶ֤ȫʽǵĶСϵʻݶȫίԱIJ⡢ߵĿһжССĺڶ洢ţ

ѻȸÿ˶һ漣ˣǺСʾġõӵеļˮƽղ˵Ļֶһ

ϯϰѴҵ˼лã˭Ϊ¼ʵֵûô

û˻ش

ʲݶ¼˰ȫίԱĻ

ǵġݶ˵Ϊһ

һӳǸСųDzݶڲ͢Ӫ밲ȫίԱ̸Ĺ̡

ȫίԱ૵ħģ

ûˡдӴ˿̿ʼֻһʽίԱ˿˵ѳɶ֡

ʹвɱգֳһֹο·ȫίԱԼܵijͷ޹ؽҪģļʵһĽƵġ

ϯ˵ǵһеλ˳ߡ˺ŵδҲͬѰԭ֪ġΪϻ쵼ߣҶԼܲһиеٺͲǻһλڲͬߣԵһֱûб̬ΪʸȫίԱˡ˵Ѿָ֪˭Ȼֻ˵ô󷨹ٸ£ķ˶

󷨹վһƬšŵļ˶δλһ˵ɱ֮ȨķǷϢҪ³С

ˣ˵ĻϣΪ÷٣ҿ϶ǰŵˡܹⶨⱾһԾĵ˸еϣϹ̡ͬijǣҪһԶлԷɢϻίԱȨε£ҷ԰ȫίԱĶоȨΪǴҵǺθСѾˡ

ϯ˵ôǻһ԰ȫίԱijͷʽҸһ䡣ڣŮʿ˵Щʲô

ҿŷã˵ҾҪˡȵҵľһ޺ãҾͳȥҿռ䴬˳ҹ˽һ⡣뿪֮ǰķ籩˵䡣

˶ݶԶԶŷãгԺСǵģô˲š󷽡¹ڷǰĸп֪ԼûϣģɣԶҲΪһƽŮˡ

˵ڣŵ硣ÿ궼ɲСʧڽҲĿ¡֪𣿶ǵ˵DZġ

DzظĻĥʲô⡣

Ǵûз磬޷ҹ磬ö֮ʹҹΪı罫ȵöࡣ粻Զ޽ղŽIJݶһλ¹ҹ磬λΪҵĻ֤ҹ˲ޱʵIJͬǰŹͬȡҲؽͬĺֽκ˲赲ģͼ赲ɨĴ

ϯϵijǺμǻ˵ͷҡͷҵķݶ·Ϊ뷽õĻӦ

3

DZĸ⽫ǶԷüʻһο顣ֻͷСѾ˹ɽˣҪԺȫʸС

棬һشС֣ƽÿҪңĸһ鷳İĻôźͰˡð룬϶ξڤ˼룬ȻдһҲһռмҺķд

Ǵ֮ǰøǣֻСֻԤ˵λã˭Ըһȥ˹ɽðա˷dz࣬Ƕ೤Ҳ֡¹ºͲݶȥô󷨹ٵĹǻ˵ҿұκ˶ʸִǸ⵹ǷdzʣͬˡͿʼһĶǵ̾

ӸʵɽϿշԽȥ棬ɽģĸšȫע½ӽĸͬʱųһң塣

ĸIJձڴ򿪣һץ̽˳һ˲˴ڰĿռ䡢ɫץʸȶתţ̫档΢΢һ𣬱ץץˡʱɿĸӼˡ

ĸĿڴųѣĿĹ⣬ƶֽŶԴֵŷɴ棬һ̸µӡǿ̹ĵġ

ձں£DZһĴŴˣһˬʵͻȻһ۾ѯŷá˵£ֻǿռ䴬ϵʺǡ

һ˵־ȵ˵

ѽ츳ÿˣɵ߶ŪºӵĿС

ȥ뵽ҫְĿڣᶨ˾Ǹﲼü࣬жδŵġ

һţֱǰȷ΢΢һ˵⣬ȫѱ

ǽ˿ƲգøеǿҵůСסȥ߲ӵij嶯¼ӿеˮĴȥκζ

Ƚ˷ɴµ岨ǽȻɽȺŵǷźšȥȼϴһˣŪжҪʼˡ

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˹ɽдԼӡǷֱڰĻ̾ҹڶIJӺͽڵױЩ˶ɽϷҹա

һɫͻȻƺڰǷøԼõźšӾٺɹdzȥ

˴ӹȿڡɽź档ȻԭǵǽѾڻˣûκ赲

пǷӵŴȺԹ̺Dzһÿʿһɼ͵ϽףԵֵ蹷ݡսûʹûʿŰ羯ı׼װѹǹѿпǵĹͨͨ衣

˹ɽ£һСȺվСսDZ߹šǰļλϺô󷨹١ɱֱԴԶȻҹ磬Ǹ˹Ҫвˡң˵ϵ౾ͬһȣϯ룬ҰսǶԺҹ˵ĵһ֧ԮɡĽص

¹ºͲݶվԶһĵطܾЩ߻еһǿѹȻòһЩ˵Գ״ơ

ҲרעԶʵϿսĵǷõİȫ¹²ͣԴ̾ݶĬ

뺣˹ɽһڶһ塣˵˼ϡ

Dzһͷĸñһ㱡Ľ˿Ҫڶˡǿĵ˼𣬶λҰIJ˿϶Ӵӵġ

ڶְѽڵһ档΢Ц˵ҪСģʥ

ҶһֱdzСġº͵ػشһҲһӸϳȥ

ڶҿһ˭Ӯ˭

ⲻһ̣¡˵ǻºܶء

˵ͷıԶǵѾ˽ķƱãж»ûнԼĵܵﲮӣʹ伣ڿ϶ڲµٷǰĴˣ˵ĵҲбףúڶٴ۽磬ġ޵ĿԡΣ롢ЩĹĿԶǵһҪʵ֣ҹͳһҲҹ

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סСһԹ˵пǧҪɱǣõĵǹ㹻ˡֻDZ˴ԵĿܣҪǸĶħ

֪ˡּ򵥵شоԼѪҺڼȫ̲ס΢΢زҲ֪ΪܻΪ־塣ϴǼĹŹ棬ǷִҪ˶ϵģ˵Էֹ˹аǡ

ͨװ׵ʮСdzӷɴײһֻ׳ƵòųѰǸðһ˿˿ɽ

ǶѹǶðŰħں

ɽȷʵ£ɴһڶڡԽɽʯ˽ȥûʲôпǶս

ƹǰбԽԽԽԽøеֵĺڲҲ侲֪ݷһ־޴IJ֪DZйڶħ뷨ܸԸలο

ͻȻһǰ涴ϵװǵע⡣˵ůġ

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