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18µܼƹȥˣڼ俭ɪÿһΡǸIJˣ̹ʡҿȬ

Ƕڼ䣬̽ĸ顢˼ξ̶һЩΪģʽʹ˽顣˹ȥҪϸڣܴĸ׳ڼңƺĸȭߵȡԼʷĿҹϵҲǡķŭҸоӦúöˡܼͨȥIJ죬ܴӸߡԶӽϤЩ£ܻ࣬ɪղûС

ȻܽǺʹĥجһظȻºڡˮ±˯Ҳɶ϶òϢʼļ£ȻϳҩºסҾһǽôȻߵ޷ȥŴ۸е٣Ҹһɲʰݵľġҵðɪա

һ·ˡȻ´ɻÿζҪȺüǿʹԼ򶨣1982괺ʷһɵ֥Ӹμһҽѧ顣ӲҪȥι۲ݵĹŰչ

ɪһֱԹŰ͹żƷȤǸѧߣûоǶʱڵʷЩȴʹϤС

οʼ˵չʱԼȻԾȷģκܾɪĿɿڴô֪ЩµģΪʲôǿҵظоԼǶԵģڴ֮ͥ¾˵ԱҲЩǵͯ䣿

Ǵλҷ¡ǰҾɪսƣ£һֱԸ⡣ڹŰչľ飬ǿͬˡ

Ʒǰ¼ľѰ취ûʲôصģֻһּע״̬ܹѵʦ£壬ʹ伯СҴ߹ϰٸˣԼόǡ־壬ĵϰߺЧܰѹֵ¼ʱܳɹò׷ݵ꣬ȴͶӰľ顣ŴƷܰɪա

ڳɳϣ۾գͷСͷϣעںϣÿһͷųһЩڻѹĽǣÿһַһ㡣˼ӺҪԼļɣ⵽°ͣȻDzӡֱۣٺDZ⡢θһֱȣоȫ𽥵سɳ

ȻҪһ׹⣬ͷأ׹ɢȫʹÿ⡢ÿ񾭡ÿٶɳڡ״̬Сеҵ£׹ȫ

ʮһÿһ֣ɳڳ̶Ⱦͼһ㣬ӽ˯״̬רעҵųһʱѳʵĴ״̴̬Լ20ӡ

һҪݴǰͯ¡ҵĻش⣬ͬʱڴ״̬¡6ʱҽǶĿ¾Ҳ5ʱӾص龰ʱǺˮһֱԣ˵ʱҲҰ칫ҸѾˣѲˮͣˣָĺͬʱĴ״̬С

3ʱһ¡һϣ״ڵķ䡣ʱζڻŵõ塣ŻˣޣôִƸס죬Ժ24Ľ죬ҵϣɪտʼҸеҶţͿԳֱˡȷ֢״Ӵ˻ѸٵظԭǸѽˣڲǸڰϢͣˡҰʱǰƣڵָ͡ѺҪɪվڴиҵ¡Ǵλʣµʱ䣬ڸ׵Ļ䣬Ű""¼ڱȽԼ͸׵ĹϵˣһЩӦԶԼĿ־塣ɪ뿪ʱڷ֪»õֵ֪ݵIJ

ڽҿʹࡢѹֻϷ绯ȫѹŰͯܵϢԹȥˡǣһЩµ¼ٿʹ˽ԼĹȥ֢״˴н

ǣһںңʲôҲûиĽҺܾȣ˽ʲôط˴ѵ3ǰ£ҳˮºڡǺijɣΪʲôЩ֢״޷ƵĽǻʱʱجκʹǰһˡҾһ䡣

ڴУûŵϸイҲΪˣҲа취ּʡԺʱͣ٣ҵɾıࡣظĵطڡ)أҰѿɪմʱ򣬵ʱûʲôش鷢ᶨָʾ"ص֢״ʼǸʱ䡣"ҶԽȫû׼

"ҿɫͨһһӵĸߴİɫûȡҴһۡһʵشֲڵĿӡҵͷɱӣdzĽ𷢡"

Ժˣȷʲô¡ʱǼ꣬ʲô֡"ҽаʴ18ꡣҿǰһгӡÿ˶ӼڼߡסɽûˮʱǹԪǰ1863ꡣ⸽ƶɳȡһھûкӣˮǴɽġ"

˵˸εصϸںҪǰ꣬һЩȻѿĸҡ

"һʯ·ҿĻҵͷǽɫģһִɫӣЬ25꣬һŮп˹(ǿɪյֶŮһ)ȡ"

Ŀɿڴθʹڴһжȷɡ֡ڡ·ô£ʱŮôڵֶŮҸͿˡҿǧˣҲδƣȴûĻ롪ʹҲûСָݵʱҲҪôһ˻()еˣֻǾɿ־ԭ֡ӽʱһЩ¼ر˵ġУȻгˮϮǵĴӡ

"˾ûеطܡ䣬ˮ䡣ұȾҵĺӣǰ첻סûˮǺˡҲܺʡ̵ˮѺӴҵֱоˡ"ɪմеѡͻȻȫˣóƽ

"ҿơߣˡҿҸ硣"

ͣһʱ䣬һˡڴ״̬¡Ŀɿڴǰֻأҵٴңڻ롢ڶ׫£˼롢顢ϸ΢ĩڵע⣬ʱȫͬйϵԺܺ״̬Ըṹ֢ûдҵļҲûκλþ֢״ֳڻ硢ʵϱߵˣûжػ˸ֻһɪգҲȫһ㡣ûԱûзҩԻҩȵľҲ١ûϵļԽ͸ղŴʱǶľ顣

һμ䣬ǴĶģҾ÷·һ֪ٵ򡪡ֻغǰҸԼⲻܣܿѧѵǿ뷨ȷʵڣǰ޷Ҳܷʵԡ

""˵е㵨޺棬"㻹ǵʲô"ǵӵһЩƬϡ

"Ҵһкɫ˿ȹӣڻɫͷҲ˿ʱǹԪ1756ꡣǸˣ56꣬¶ɯ裬Ҳ衣(ͣ˺ܾ)Ҳˣգð亹ܶ˶ˣˡҽ֪ԴǴˮġ"Ҫǰƣ"ҿˣͷʹ۾Ҳûȫӷлָܶˡ"

ңһǸŮΪеԳٳû˵ȻأڴпɪҲһЩ͸¶ҵѶϢ

ڻһʱڿɪǰϳֶŮҲǷҲУеĻҺܺ浱ʱҰʲôɫ͸ղŻĻ෴һ¾ͻشˡ

"ʦڴ̨ϡϵ֪ʶϣҷˣһнߵİֽۡеҰ¸˹ǷšǡǻۣҲʱǹԪǰ1568ꡣ"(ԼϣȮѧѧҵҰ¸˹1200꣬Ұ¸˹ڵʱǸõ֡)һغϽ滹иྪ˵Ļ䡣

ɪȥļҶ˼нĻϰڳ˼""иֵϸڶӹҵķοӡ⣬Ҷֻءľ鼰󣬶ֻɵĿ߼IJָңпĻ룬ΪҲ֤Ĺ۵򿴼ĶҲԼʶһ뷨Ҫֿ̬ȣĿѧǴӹ۲쿪ʼ""пܲǻ۾йٸоҲпܴڣֿ̬ȿռϡ

һ뷨ɪջ᲻ܾٽܴߣҾʱ绰Ҳú顣һеȵ˵ɣ

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