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  λãŬŬ鷻->з->Ӣ۴˵->

ƪ ۹

Ӣ۴˵ƪ

һƻʱ̣ǽⲣɡƺһ΢̵Ŀһ㣬Եø

иֱǽվţ˫ۻܣվڱ̨Եһ׳ϡ

ô˵

ǽվŵӿ˵ˣӵ

۹Ӯˣյ˵DzӮģ𣿲¿ˣ

ǰͬ˾ȻˣȴҲȫûĵز

ƻı𣿡

ͬ˾δŤתƣһ֮𡣲Ŀǰԣ۹Ǵʤˣͬ˾ҲٷǷɳԣҲδһ£أ

ǽӡҲǷɳĵ³³˹뿪ǽڣվֱ

ijʵ֮ȻʮңëdzɫģüۡڡǣһʵڳƲӡòҲ̵ӡĿ࣬˾þ棬ʮ㡣

ɳǸó׹ңͳ߰³ԾѲִڼ䣬۹ͬ˹һšɳĺںꡣ

𣿲¿ˡλԼΪĸĸ٣̵˵ʵεʤǿʵ´οûôˡԺӦǿ鱨ռʤĹؼ

³˹̨һɫӵɫװеĴһҲоһԪס

¿˰һ°ť̨Ͼͳһͼ

ıͼǰ

ͼǰư˹øؿһɫ۹ɫͬ˾ɫļͷ÷ֲһͷǰҷͺɫͷγһΣýΧƵĵġ

۹Ľͧңͬ˾ͬ˾ռоԵơ

λҲͬ˾ռϷ磬ǰѵ۹Χסһ

³˹ְֵŶͷ˵Щһڳͬ˾ǰﹱսʹõΣDz󳤽Ķ

ñѧԵս

ߣ̸ֽȻȱʵսʱͲôһˣ۹ָӣǸ𷢵أ

ûϿķ

³˹Ц

뵽ǰǰһε׸ոʱȨšǷȴΪʮ̫꣬ᣬӵһλʮѡˡϿķСʮ꣬ЩֻԹκβܵϱԣһʱƺˡ

֪ϿķλΣ𣿡

¿˷ܵʡλһעĸ٣һ̨ȻһѪ˵õбɢ״̬ԸƵģô򵥣

¶ȵı飬ֱֱ˵öԡֱĿ

³˹ǫ΢ЦţΪȫȷƵġרܹȣΣΪתŤתơεսһκ˶Ϊ۹ѱȫΧʤ㡣ȻֲƵİΧͬ˾ԣֳƹеΣ

˵û

Ҫһ㣬ͬ˾̫СϿķصսָˡҲѹ֡ٸңսı仯𣿡

¿ٶȲֳ̨̨һͼһöѸޱȵ̼ǰ֮תͷٽһö̼һתΪһһ״̬ˡĿתؿһƵı仯ֱݱʱ̾һ˵Ʒñ٣̫ˣ

Դ˵־Ʒչ۹ӦûʤŶԣϾͬ˾Ѳ̫˰Ϊ֧ûбܣ֧˭ָӵģ

н죬ڿս콢ըҲˣȨ

ֺ

ڰǰָӰ˵Ǹˡ

Ǹʱ򡣡³˹ˡҵʱ룬ͬ˾оȻҲһλ˲õλӢۣսУıأ

ϯٲų̋˾˵Ρ˹սһ׶֮ս

ͼɫļͷֱɢʹúͷĽж˸աţԭҷɢΪ֧̼ͷԺҺ϶ΪһϮĺ󷽡

³˹ţʵ벻ͬ˾ھȻһñָӹ١

ȫûΣ֮£ܹ侲սʤŻϿķ֮

ڿһȤħһ

³˹˻֣ʾ⸨ֹͣ˵¿һȴָʾ

εı൱ɫҲʾϴΰеijɹżȻġ

û

һ֯ٺáٺãûã˲ҪġλȣٺõľƶתġͺñȻҪͻıֶ

³˹һţһǴ߸١



Ƿɳĸǣǵı涼иȵ˹ֲֻеڶǵıеؿǣɷҲ̫ϵ죭ٷ֮ʮĵغͰٷ֮ʮIJǵڶȱ̼ʶߵֲ޷ڴ档

ϵˮҲ٣ȵ͵ֲӵɢʹǿ̻̻ˮõ׺⡣ɫIJʯɳĮһƬҰʴĵΣεΪһƬ羰ۡ

ڷɳУΨһ˾סĵطǵڶǣǣڵ۹꣬ԴΪΧΪɳǵ˿Լڣֻӵľӣȴ֧ͬ˼۹óף൱档ϿƺǸڵ۹ģǣʵȴȫ״̬Զ

ԴŷؽΪ֮Ѿ˼͵۹ͬȽϣʵΪ۹ռٷ֮ʮˣͬռٷ֮ʮɳռٷ֮ʮڹʼ̬ƴڡв˶ǿĵλɳ͵۹ϣͬ˹ܾʱᱻIJ˵ɳͬ˹ϣȻڵ۹֮ϣʹ˶۹򲢲ס

ɳܹڹʹϵϣά΢ƽ״̬ʵΡսϸ߶ȵ֡ɳ̫ǿĻƽв۹ͬˣǺܻܿɳ£ǰٷ֮ʮˣֻһսͿ÷ɳ෴أɳ̫Ļڹʼ佫أ۹ͬĶɵġ

۹Ҫ̲ɳĻɳͻͬ˹ʾã϶Կ۹ּͬ˴ɳ֮ʱɳ̻۹£ԱˣɳıʣһֱȨߣҷԴȥ

ͳһҪλĹ֮Ԫסǰ³³˹

۹֮ͬ䣬κһҪһ൱ѵġΪƾУӲƴֻܾˣʹ÷ɳ

ɳܹ֮ҪڹʼأIJǾIJƸͲԡ۹ͬ˾Ϊӵдھ޽ڳսѪɺӣ⵹ʹ÷ɳԵԵҪӵ۹ľԾƺͬ˵ƻͳԶֲ¡໥ɱ¾֮࣬ɳۻ𣬲һһ伴ʤ˫

Ͽķij֣÷ɳԤеһµʱ١˵ķչ򣬽עĽ㡣˵۹ߣǶһ׼Ͼһʤġ



ǰ¶ĺҹš

ͬ˻۹תҹԽ㲻ġʹǿϵɭ³Ҳûа취ıеʵڲǶȫͬģеǵתʮ˸СʱеʮСʱвͬ

ķأ̫ϵϾס࣬ʱԶʮСʱΪλġϰҲȷǶʮСʱƣڸǼеǣͱҪҹбʱ⣬ʵˡ

ϵĸ洬ռ䶼УҪһЩ˹ʩ϶ʮСʱڵƩ˵˹ҪҪ¶ȵĵϽȣ䣬ȡ

Щת൱൱̵ǣΪҪǿʩһʮСʱƣһЩ󼰹涨ȷ˵һ춼ǰ죬һǺҹһȵĹ涨

вЩתΪʮһСʱʮ߸СʱȵȻǺͱ׼ĶʮСʱ࣬ʩжʮСʱ׼ʱȴʱһСʱÿӣҪڵķҲżӴӦ

ǵ۹ͬˣʹõĶһʮСʱһʮġ׼ӵ۹һһҲͬ˵һһա

˻ʣڵѲԵΪˣΪʲôҪϮƶأ۹ҲѰ䲼һסѵʱ䷽Ͳܷһµ׼𣿡

ɵΪϾɾDzãӦ̭ɻ¡Ȼµƶ˭ƶóأǣԹõƶȾرˡ

ڶⷽ棬涨һֵˮ¶ΪĶȡʱһˣڵĵ²ġһֵڵ̳ʮڷ֮һЩλΪȫͨá

³ҲͼıЩⵥλԼߺΪ׼ⶨһ׳ȺĵλʽоУδʵС

λ᰸δʩеԭ򲢷ǰӱ̫Ҫԭǣ㡣ΪҪıĻеĵԼ·Ҫȫ̭辭൱ߡʾɲ񲿳ģ˵ʴĿøʵ³ʱλõ˾Ȼȵ÷ˡ

˶˵ֵԵ̫ˣ³ԴһϲͨպÿֹܹһζԼ񻯵ĸ̬߰ȣҲʹùߺ͹˵Աȥ



ӵ۹Ļʹǹҹ֮ţԵ׳Ի͡

һĽһЩССĽˮΧ䣬Ȼɭ֡Ǿޱ԰̡̳ͤݵصװ䣬ۼһƬ֮£൱

ⶰʹ֧һǧϵĺϵͳ࣬ĸȻҲһЩۡǸ߲㽨ҪҲ»Ҫԭڣǵλòɸڻʵ۱µĹҲɸ͵ظʹ٣ЩΪǴ󲻾ġѲصҲоϷ

еӼŮˣÿ츺ɨࡢд԰¹ȺȹݻҲʵ۵ĵλ֮߼Ȩ֮

֮ûеҲûԶ¥һҪ¥ݡΪΰ³ΪǿΪһͳر֮һ룬һ¥û취ԼĽɵˣôܹ縺ҵأ

ϣȺڻʹġҡУΪϿķе۹Ԫ˧ȵʽϿķ˹̻սУҾôһ١

۹Ԫ˧λױһϽֻһȴ࣬нʮ۹ˣ˷´治֮⣬һɿ̷⣬Ԫ˧֮Ļš

Ŀǰ۹дһٵĵ۹Ԫ˧ټϿķϿķͬʱҲǵ۹潢ӵĸ˾٣ȫ۹18潢Լаָ֮¡

Ǻˡ

Ƭġáһǣ˽šԹҥһֱôģʲôʱ֮£ҲܵصںĹлƶϡ

Уٹ١Ȩȫˣڿߵĺɫ̺˻ĸͱ֯ɣߣһĹһ١

ĹУڵһλºǵ۹Ĵ࣬Ϊڸ׳ñǼͷףʮꡣ֮վģΪ鿭աƶ˾աѧܡŵסڸǹ³ܿˡȵȡ

һվŵ٣Ϊ鰬ײԪ˧۹ͳ˧ܳ˹̹շԪ˧ĻܳԪ˧潢˾ѿϱԪ˧װܳ·ɳһϽܳķ˹һϽܱܳϽʮ˸ӵ˾١ȡ

ⰻȻĺŽ󣬶վ壬˾ţ֧ȫࡢȫͳߡ뷨ıߡʥַӵ۹ʵ۷ϣ¼ݵ

˵ϣ۹Ⱥ׷Ϲ

ʵ۴ӵ̺˹ȥͷУǰĽɫΡ

ӵ۹ĵʮĴʵǷϣʮ꣬Ǹƺ൱ƣӡģʵҪϵö࣬ⲢĹ£ҵȨɵġ³γǿҵĶԱȡ

ʺʮǰͲˣõIJֻǸðķ֮Сѣȴδ֢ܿ˷ʱðȴ³۵⡱Ҳȫųļ

ʺȥ֮󣬻ʵ۷һ޽Ϊﻪ²ˣʵϣȡ˻ʺĵλˡλ˲Ǹ߼ųʼ޷Ҵ£ҲһδʽС

Ͽķص£

һأٹDzδ񣬴ҵĿⶼӭٵĵ

ǿλˣ֮̾зеˡڳĴ󲿷ˣҲò˽³Ǹӡ

ǶĿòʵİ״ޣ޵۹û಻˸㡣Ҫǻʵ۶Ľ㡪޽ܳ谮мӣҪֱ飬ͻʵ۵ľϵضתΪͬԡ

ĸУҲһؽŲȶٵƣߵǰ棬ںȴصϥ¡

ںüƣȴʵָʾʽijϣ²ڻʵ۷֮ǰ˵

ϿķεĹѫ˲𰡣

һɺ޸Եķԡ

ҵȫDZµĺ鸣ͣ

صĻشҲûԣȴҿƵĽⷬΥۣ֮ԷȲᣬֻʹ˾÷Сضԣʵ۵ҪëҪIJ˾ǴеһƬֽŰˡ

ãرȥ㡣

ͷŭӿԼһ⣬ֻΪͷɫ˭Ҳûм

ر׽Ҫ棬ҪرȨѽˣϣ֮λϣIJʵѪͳǵһ죬ҪλóҪ㳢ҪĶߵζ

ʱ˾ʵ

˹ַѾһй꣬ء롤Ͽķ۹Ԫ˧ε۹潢Ӹ˾٣潢ӹָӡ۹İʮգӵ۹ʵ۷ϣ

ֱ̤ϽݣؽӹְԪ˧ˣһء롤ϿķʽΪ۹Ԫ˧ˡ

رЦݲȻȴΪ㡣ΪֻǰĿ;УССĵһˣڴӶ߽ȡȨˣ

ʮԪ˧Ү

ѹ˵װܼࡪ·ɳһϽͽʮ꣬⺷չDZͬ˾й˺£ɫⲻ˿ҽãԱ˿ʾԼսͽ

ɿλ²ӱһĽ졣

潢˾ѿϱԪ˧׵˫ü΢΢仰䲻ǸСӵľ²ܣȷ޿ɷϣڣѾˣȱ죬ս÷Ҳ޻˵ģ

óһݱιӡ

žվе÷ȣ·ɳ

ȻҷʤˣֻһζѣԴżȻˣ֮Ϊ̫ܣܽΣʤܱԵİ

̫ˣ

Ԫ˧ȻǷһϽԵݡԴߵĽٶԣҪǿؽصĹѫ£ڽɼԪ˧бҪתƻ⡣

ˣ̸ˣǸָӹ٣֪𣿡

ûʲôӡ󰡣Ǻηʥ

·ɳDz𰬶¼ˡ

λսУֹѾȫʹٽս

Ŷ

һŸɹ˵ĽŶ˵ǽСҲΪ۷

񲻴ģ

ظ˵µĻ͵սʱûԼѡְɣ

Ԫ˧˸ʣ·ɳʼ硣

ҡٶ֡Ϊѫŵ̸衪ΪʿĺȲɡ



ɡư˹УľˣڸһȵġˮҡȺš

ȷǹǽļư˹ûʸ롰ҡǣ죬׼ֱٽȷˡ¡ƺŵĵλʱûʵĵʽУҲ֮ء

ÿظһʱԼҲ֮סư˹ᷢȻԼвŸɣٶȵȷ̫ЩԼʵǷϺλӵҪ󣬸еϻ̳Ͽ֣

ɡư˹Уɣ

ѹе

ʮͷĸ߼٣վڼư˹ǰ½׼Уߴ󣬺ͷ׷ɫ۾Ƥס

ǵģλ

Ͷ롤±˹̹Уһˣ

˵ʱа±˹̹ӣɨĹʣư˹һں

Բ𣡡±˹̹šΪ˼ư˹ı顣

ۿеˣܾˣǸҾͰɣ

Ǽ۰Ҳʧˡ

ʲôϲźãͷװ˸йԣҲſڵػֻǣʵ̫Щ

ս˵𣿡

ǣģ³ʱĻܻŸų̰ɣ

ڿ񶯣þòųư˹һ³۴Ȼ²֮ˣ

һλܺõijѽư˹У±˹̹˵΢ߣνõijپҪʹ³ӵˣڵĵ۹˾֮١ǣϿķ¾ͲͬˣǰḡԵ÷dzϳɳأЩԴֻŷʶǿ壬º˽ɡ

ư˹Ժ塱ľźţԳư±˹̹ӣȷЩؿ̨ļһݵĿ֮

һӣ

µز˻⡣

ĿǰΪֹͳ˧鱨ԺлҪפӵĻţش֮󣬰±˹̹dzdzЦšƺDZ߽İ

ɲǼ䣬ɫ׵ļư˹Զԣʱ˽ˡ

ư˹졭

˵һ۲Ųλɫ׵ӡ

±˹̹񲢱ʽ˵˼ش֮ת뿪

غͼư˹߳ȣҹסڹĿùۡߵͥ԰ڲԼʮ֮á

ư˹죬Ҫͽ棬Ҳɣߵҹʱ˵

Һһȥ𣿡

ڻʲôѽһģ

ЦաЦ⣬ѹ˵

ˣոǸе˭е˸е

ư˹򵥵˵һ顣

ɲˣ

ư˹˵Լĸ룬һһ˫ü

ȷǸɲӣԼư˹ʾͬ׽ĿԲö֪ġֵ̫ˣҲҪСӦǣ

ͬʱӶЦ



ﻪ²ˡ޽ܵĹۡλǹһ磬˸Ĺ͢õϳҲûʮӲߵ

ư˹Ը·ñȽϿǣֲΥֻʵ۵⣬ԣֻôɹʡǴĵϳǰ

ۡλڳijϣʽ򵥶Ů˷dzơ

ϳ޽ܵӰʱزȳȫͣףǶ



޽Цջӭ

أˣУҲǡ

С㿴ɫܺã

ллλǰҾͿʼڵˡ

ŮӻǺǰһһҲû䣭ư˹ʹڻʵ۵Ȩ֮£ĸšҲ˿

ݱȰɣٳԵ͵ӵ⡣ģ֪ϲǵθڣԳԿɣ

ֱ̫θˣ

Żش̼䣬Ŀͥ˺գʱ·ֻصʮǰˡ

ȱĦɾ͵ӵ΢΢ݳζ˿һʵҸС

ҳ˵Ϊ֮ˣ³ġ

޽ŵ⣬ЦЦ˵ܱô˵أû취ҺϲҲϲղˣ

ſȵĽȿˡһ波ŵģһڵ죬ļһůʱ佥عȥˡ

ؽDzԣһ鷳ɣ񣡡



Ļźð

أˣˣĺӾ͸һƿۺɫѾƣܺúӴڵң۹Ԫ˧鷳ȥ𣿡

ֵIJǽأþҲãʲô¶ãϤ㣡

һںվȥ

°޽ܺͼư˹ˡ޽¶ЦݶԵܵܵĺ˵񣡵ܵһչˣ

˵չ˵IJأҲǹ壬;У֮

ٹþٽˣ˵ˡϲ㣡

лл

ư˹öȡ

ܵﲻ˵ԼҲûʵǺģܵܵԺ鷳ˣ

ֻв

ӦöԼһ㣡ܵܵȷвܣҲһûеIJܣǣܵûô졣һֻŽſ񱼵ֻ֪ǰ壬һ죬ܻӶˤģӵ֮ܵܳտʼҾԤˣԣڲŶ˵һЩ

С㡭

ҾͰˣػӶˤ¡㷢ԤʱסܵӦûҸġĻҲôʱҲǵܵܵ;ĩ·˰ɡ

΢Ц԰޽ʧDZɫŰ˵

ư˹лʹҲʮǰˣغԼҲǽϱܵСˣ޽ҲڼҵСŮˣһǻʵ۵ij檣һǵ۹Ԫ˧һǵ۹Ԫ˧ĸ١ͬʱȨķ͸СС㣡ֻҪģһȥ

ư˹ѹԼĸ飬Ӧ˵Ҫ

ҶصҳϣҾṼиġ

񣡷dzл㣬Dz˼鷳㣬ҶŲԣ¡

ʵҶôϣչǰư˹ʮǰ˵Ҫ͵ܵŶʱұѾ¶ģҪúչˡ

ʮǰԼôð޽ڻʵϵġųѴԽܣӵͬҲ˵㲻Ҳͬ˾ľˡʱԼûҲûа취ԼҪʲôھͲͬˣǣϾʮȥˣһж̫ˣΪʲôҪʱ޷أ

ӦðڱȽϺҵĵط

˵ˡ

õģˡлرӴѱɣ

۵ʱȻݣܹӵбҸˡư˹Լ˵ҲɵöԽᵽһսе

һҳ Ӣ۴˵ һҳ
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